The knee is the largest, most complex joint in the body. When the knee joint is damaged, people can experience pain and decreased range of motion activity. This can make it difficult to perform daily tasks like standing, climbing stairs or walking. In cases like these, a doctor may recommend knee replacement surgery. Involves replacing the damaged weight-bearing parts of the knee joint with an artificial implant called a prosthesis.
Frist knee replacement surgery done in 1968. In 2010, almost 700000 people had knee replacement surgery and this number growing with each passing year. There are several reasons that might have knee replacement surgery. From 1968, more advance technology and implants have made this surgery one of the most successful procedure in medicine.
Some common knee problems that might necessitate surgery like knee Pain
Knee pain is a Common problem & symptom experience at some point of their lives. Knee Pain may be, Often after serious injury to cartilage, ligament, exercise etc. some medical condition including gout, infections, arthritis cause knee pain. Many type of Minor knee Pain treat with self-care. Some type of Physical therapy to help reduce knee pain
Medications : Pain Relive medication (NSID) prescribe by doctor, some knee pain related condition such as arthritis, gout
Therapy : Physical therapy yoga, sports activity to strengthening the muscle around knee. In certain conditions, different types of braces may be used to help protect and support the knee joint
Injection : Corticosteroids, Supplemental lubrication
Surgery : If you have knee pain required surgery. Your option may include:
Arthroscopic surgery : depending on your injury, doctor used procedure for minor injury done using an instrument called an arthroscope. Arthroscopic may be used remove or repair damaged cartilage & reconstruct torn ligaments.
Partial knee replacement surgery : In this procedure, surgeon replace only the most damaged portion of your knee with parts made of metal & plastic
Total Knee Replacement surgery : In this procedure, Surgeon cut away damaged bone and cartilage from thighbone and replace it with artificial joints made of metal alloy, polymers and high